GOMEZ Oscar A.
Department Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University College of Asia Pacific Studies Position Associate Professor
|Research paper (Other)
|Climate change and migration: A review of the literature
|International Institute of Social Studies, The Hague (Erasmus University Rotterdam) Working Paper Series
|Volume, Issue, Page
|The present literature review aims to provide a panoramic view of the different ways in which the link between climate change and migration has been addressed in the existing literature, building on the recent non-annotated bibliography issued by the International Organization for Migration in December 2012. After a brief introduction of the background and the plurality of methodologies behind academic studies about the connection of the two phenomena, the review identifies four main themes and debates ongoing in the literature, namely: (1) scale and location of the climate induced migration, (2) mechanisms behind its occurrence, (3) emerging recognition of migration as adaptation, not only as an impact, and (4) measures for its management. Gaps in need of further work are divided into areas for analysis and areas for advocacy. Included among the former are more in situ knowledge production, focus on cities and additional research following a differentiated approach— e.g., gendered. Advocacy approaches need to motivate further research, maintaining advances against the stigmatization of migrants. The review is informed by human security ideas, which are presented as buttressing analyses at levels different from the national, facilitating joined-up thinking and providing a flexible framework to accommodate multiple layers of climate- migration interaction.
Note: This paper is one of a set of five literature reviews / annotated bibliographies that were undertaken as part of the research project on Migration, Gender and Social Justice (2010-2013), led by ISS (the International Institute of Social Studies, The Hague) and funded by IDRC (International Development Research Centre, Ottawa). The main outputs of the project are available as an open-access book Migration, Gender and Social Justice, edited by T-D. Truong, D. Gasper, J. Handmaker, S. Bergh (Heidelberg: Springer, 2014)