スティルプ ランス ジョセフ
STILP Lance Joseph
所属 立命館アジア太平洋大学 言語教育センター 職種 特任講師
|標題||A Multilingual/Multi-competence Approach to Learning and Interaction in the JFL Classroom|
|掲載誌名||Japan Journal of Multilingualism and Multiculturalism|
|概要||Much is contested about foreign language learners and practices of language use, especially in relation to task-based activities. A close look at student interaction in |
language classrooms, particularly during task-based activities, can reveal some of the
ways they should be viewed as multi-competent. This study uses conversation analysis (CA) to examine how novice learners of Japanese as a foreign language draw
on many of the same resources and techniques that multilinguals do in social interaction. Rather than immediately regarding instances of language deviation as
evidence of a lack of understanding, it is worth considering instead how learners
achieve interactional competence in and through the talk co-constructively despite their limited communicative resources. As such, this study problematizes the
monolingual tendencies that still plague many SLA theories and classroom practices, as well as challenges the assumptions behind Target Language Only (TLO) policies.
Approaching talk in interaction from a multilingual perspective allows both researchers and teachers to create flexible approaches toward L1 use and other interactional practices in the classroom.