Department Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University College of Sustainability and Tourism Position Professor
|Type||Research paper (Academic/Professional Journal)|
|Peer Review||Peer reviewed|
|Title||Effect of working memory training on memory performance in young adults of Medical University|
|Journal||Life science journal|
|Volume, Issue, Page||11(5),pp.369-373|
|Author and coauthor||Aizhan Raushanova, Serik Meirmanov, Botagoz Turdalieva, Ayan Myssayev, Gulshara Aimbetova, Aikan Akanov, Bahit Musayeva, Dilbar Adizbaeva, Almagul Ryskulova, Nurbol Mendaliyev, Akmaral Tanirbergenova|
Background: One of the indicators of the quality of medical education is good study performance which is very much influenced by the working memory capacity. Recent studies have reported that working memory can be improved after training. In this study, we were looking for association between working memory training and its performance among healthy students of Medical University. In Kazakhstan, a similar study has not been conducted before. Methods: design is before and after study. 409 students of Medical University took part in the study: 191 in study group and 218 - in control. The study and control groups were comparatively equal by age and gender. Reading span test was used for working memory training and Dual N-back test was used for results’ measuring. Five weeks training in study group were performed. Results: in study group the mean of correct answers in pre-test was 62.5 ± 12.3 and after training it increased till 73.6 ± 12.3 (p<0.001). In control group in pre- and post-test were 63.3 ± 11.5 and 63.7 ± 12.4 (p = 0.303) respectively. In comparison between groups the mean of correct answers in study group was higher by 17.8% (р<0.001). Conclusion: we have found not only increases of working memory in healthy young adults after 5-weeks training, but also develop other cognitive functions - improving auditory and spatial memory in parallel to visual one.