MEIRMANOV Serik
   Department     College of Asia Pacific Studies
   Position   Professor
Language English
Publication Date 2012/12
Type Research paper (Academic/Professional Journal)
Peer Review Peer reviewed
Title The profile of children in orphanages and the main reasons of institutionalization in Semey city, Kazakhstan
Contribution Type Corresponding
Journal “Proceedings to the Asia Pacific Conference 2012
Author and coauthor Yelissinova Ainur, Meirmanov Serik, Rakhypbekov Tolebai
Details According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the number of people living with disabilities
exceeds one billion or about 15% of the world's population (the estimated global population in 2010).
This rate is a higher than the previous estimate made by the World Health Organization in
1970 (10%). The number of people with disabilities in the Republic of Kazakhstan as of 1 January
2011 has been 506,400, including 45,800 disabled children. The number of disabled people with
respect to the total population of the country is equal to 2.9%. According to the results of a
retrospective analysis of the reports of the medico-social expertise made in the East Kazakhstan oblast,
the greatest number of children with disabilities at the age up to 18 was in 2008, when this number
amounted to 599 children (Intensive index-15,9), of which children with disabilities under the age of
16 amounted to 559 in the same year, and the largest number of disabled children at the age 16 to 18
was in 2006, when their number was 46. The structure of primary disability among children up to the
age of 18 from 2008 to 2010 on the East Kazakhstan oblast looks as follows: first rank has been
occupied by congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities, illnesses of
the nervous system rank second, and psychic and behavioral disorder third.