Department   Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University  College of Sustainability and Tourism
   Position   Professor
Language English
Publication Date 2019/02
Type Research paper (Academic/Professional Journal)
Peer Review Peer reviewed
Title Depression, Acculturative Stress, and Social Connectedness among International University Students in Japan: A Statistical Investigation
Contribution Type Corresponding
Journal Sustainability
Volume, Issue, Page 11(3),pp.878
Author and coauthor Minh Hoang Nguyen1, Tam Tri Le1and Serik Meirmanov2,*
Details (1) This study aims to examine the prevalence of depression and its correlation withAcculturative Stress and Social Connectedness among domestic and international students in an international university in Japan. (2) Methods: A Web-based survey was distributed among several classes of students of the university, which yielded 268 responses. On the survey, a nine-item tool from the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the Social Connectedness Scale (SCS) and acculturative stress Scale for International Students (ASSIS) were used together with socio-demographic data.(3) Results: The prevalence of depression was higher among international than domestic students(37.81% and 29.85%, respectively). English language proficiency and student age (20 years old)showed a significant correlation with depression among domestic students (β=−1.63,p= 0.038andβ= 2.24,p= 0.048). Stay length (third year) also displayed a significant correlation with depression among international students (β= 1.08,p= 0.032). Among international and domestic students, a statistically significant positive correlation between depression and acculturative stress, and negative associations of social connectedness with depression and acculturative stress were also found. (4) Conclusions: The high prevalence of depression, and its association with Acculturation stress and Social Connectedness, among the students in this study highlight the importance of implementing support programs which consider the role of Acculturation and Social Connectedness.
DOI doi:10.3390/su1103087