GHOTBI Nader
   Department     College of Asia Pacific Studies
   Position   Professor
Language English
Publication Date 2013/11
Type Research paper (Academic/Professional Journal)
Peer Review Peer reviewed
Title The ethics of organ transplantation in the Islamic Republic of Iran
Contribution Type Single Work
Journal Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics
Volume, Issue, Page 23(6),pp.2-5
Details Organ transplantation services, particularly kidney
transplants, have been provided in a fairly large
number and good quality in the Islamic Republic of
Iran since the 1990, and there are currently more than
25 kidney transplant centers that provide transplant
operations. From the ethical and religious point of
view, Iran has provided a flexible and relatively
regulated environment for organ transplantation,
especially regarding the possibility of unrelated living
organ donation. This flexibility is mainly related to the
role of ijtihad in Shi’a Islam where new rulings can be
extracted by Shi’a jurists to facilitate the use of
technologies that ordinarily might have been banned
by traditional Islamic rulings. The possibility of
monetary compensation for unrelated kidney donors
in Shi’a Iran has helped expand the supply of donated
organs, especially of kidneys, to a number almost
equal to the demand.
Note: The Supreme Leaders in Iran have issued a series of fatwas that played a major role in legitimization of compensated organ transplantation from unrelated living donors. The main ethical issue is the large number of donors whose primary motivation is to gain monetary compensation to deal with their financial needs, and the inability of the ethical and legal system to fully regulate the market, to maintain fairness, and enhance altruism as a motivation for organ donation. This issue is also influenced by the economic hardship affecting most people in Iran, and is not merely a consequence of medical legislation to facilitate organ transplantation.
ISSN 1173-2571