Department     College of Asia Pacific Studies
   Position   Professor
Language English
Publication Date 2013/06
Type Research paper (Academic/Professional Journal)
Peer Review Peer reviewed
Title Right to Health or the Human Right of Access to Essential Healthcare
Contribution Type Single Work
Journal Philosophy Study
Volume, Issue, Page 3(6),pp.529-537
Details The Universal Declaration of Human Rights refers to the human right to health and well-being including medical
care, but for the majority of people whom are not covered byhealth insurance this is better said than done. Ensuring
the access of all citizens to the needed medical care requires the provision of health insurance coverage to a
population pool and gradually expanding the pool to the whole nation. The ethical perspective of pooling resources
across various groups of people with different levels of income and different health risks associated with age,
genetics, and lifestyle, may raise the issue of individual autonomy versus social solidarity. Governmental, social,
private, and community-based healthcare coverage have been used in different countries with varying details in the
sources of funding, pooling of contributions, and the purchase of the covered healthcare services; these models
have had varying levels of success depending on not only the availability of funds, butalso on the political
commitment of the state and the social solidarity and cultural attitude of the population towards universal
healthcare. Therefore, universal healthcare requires not only a certain level of economic development, but also a
strong sense of solidarity among the people as well as a political commitment in their government. I argue that the
statement regarding the right to health, well-being, and medical care needs to be rethought, and instead universal
access to essential healthcare should be regarded as a basic human right.
ISSN 21595313