GHOTBI Nader
   Department     College of Asia Pacific Studies
   Position   Professor
Language English
Publication Date 2018/12
Type Book(Whole book)
Title Justice as a moral virtue
Contribution Type Single Work
Publisher Christchurch, N.Z.: Eubios Ethics Institute
Volume, Issue, Page pp.28-42 (chapter 3)
Details The current view of the concept of justice is commonly limited to fairness in relations between people or between individuals and organizations, which implies the prerequisite of having an institutional framework where actions and relations may be just or unjust. This paper, however, argues that justice can also be considered a moral virtue as stated in Plato’s view of justice and in the biblical scripture where humankind is encouraged to follow justice in their actions to do the right thing. In this article, first the concept of justice is broken down into four discrete layers/levels including fairness, equality, desert for diversity, and respecting others’ moral rights. Next, the philosophical question whether we live in a just world, is debated as it can influence one’s attitude towards injustice and one’s incentive to act for justice. If the world is just, how is justice served, and if the world in not just, then how does living and dying in an unjust world find meaning and purpose? These questions are discussed in regard with observed realities, social psychology and religion. To help improve the clarity of discussion, many cases are presented along the debate.
ISSN 978-0-908897-33-9