クラスター ウィリアム ビー
CLASTER William B.
所属 立命館アジア太平洋大学 国際経営学部 職種 教授
|標題||The use of public health surveillance data for the preventive control of diseases transmitted based on individual choices: The case of HIV infection in the Asia Pacific region to be published in Biomedical Knowledge Management: Infrastructures and Processes for E-Health Systems, IGI Press, 2008, Claster William, Nader Ghotbi.|
|著者・共著者||Nader Ghotbi, Claster William|
|概要||E-health systems can be used to communicate the risk of significant infectious diseases such as HIV infection to individuals who contemplate taking the risk of the personal behavioral choices they make. Access |
to an on-line system which communicates this data in a user-friendly format, can help avoid high-risk
behavior by informed individuals who live in different areas with various levels of risk. We present the
case of HIV infection in Japan where many individuals have voluntarily continued a high-risk behavior
because apparently they consider the overall risk of infection too low to forgo the personal benefits of
risky behavior such as more pleasure, less inconvenience, etc. We discuss how a user friendly e-health
system can provide geographical risk data that are extracted from HIV epidemiological surveillance.
This can provide individuals with a rational incentive for behavior change in high-risk areas. It is hoped
that such a system helps with the control of not only HIV, but also other agents of disease in situations
where individual choices play a significant role in the risk of exposure/disease.