KIM Chan Hoe
Department Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University College of Asia Pacific Studies Position Professor
|Research paper (Academic/Professional Journal)
|Korea And The Odamakigata-Hebimukoiri Tale Of The Sobotake Legend
-From The Perspective Of The Ironware Culture-
|Volume, Issue, Page
|In the city of Bungo-Ono, Oita prefecture, there exists a Sobotake legend that describes the birth of the forefather of Ogatasaburokoreyoshi, a general of a country called Bungo. This legend not only draws parallels to the Mount Miwa-Shikon tale (A tale about a marriage between a god and a human) which is part of Odamakigata-Hebimukoiri(A tale about the use of a yarn ball to reveal a snake as a son-in-law) as it is found in Kojiki, it is also highly congruent with the Kyonhwon legend which depicts the advent of the Post-Baekje period – one of the ancient kingdoms of Korea. In the academia of the past, research on the Odamakigata-Hebimukoiri tale focused merely on the Mount Miwa legend. Therefore, a focus on the Sobotake legend set in Bungo and Hyuga is unprecedented. As such, this paper attempts to provide some first thoughts and perspectives on the Sabotake legend with Bungo and Hyuga at its center, which thus includes Genpejosuiki and Heike monogatari. This paper particularly aims to investigate how the Sabotake legend is depicted in neighboring Korea. Through a comparison of the Sabotake legend (based on Bungo and Hyuga) and Odamakigata-Hebimukoiri tale, the characterization of both is undertaken from the perspective of the ironware culture. Furthermore, according to past scholarship, the oviparity legend and the legend of oviparous clans were considered unrelated. This paper is the first of its kind to point out the implicit message behind the Odamakigata-Hebimukoiri tale. In addition, according to existing records of Samgukyusa which depicts Kyonhwon, the first king of the Post-Baekje period, as raised and fed by a tiger of the mountains, academia in the past had a strong tendency to focus on the special meanings of tigers to Koreans. However, such inclination make the legend strongly resemble the Odamakigata-Hebimukoiri tale from Unnansho, China. There is therefore a need to re-investigate the direct impact of the Kyonhwon legend.